The Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean on planet Earth; it became known to mankind in the 16th century. Since then, a huge number of interesting features of the reservoir have been discovered, but until now scientists continue to make discoveries, exploring its depths.
20 Interesting Facts About the Pacific
- For the first time, the foot of a European set foot on the coast of the Pacific Ocean in 1513. It was Nunez de Balboa, the Spanish conquistador. He and his companions decided that the sea was in front of them, giving it the name of the South.
- The Pacific Ocean was named by Fernand Magellan in 1520. During the voyage around the world, the ocean was calm throughout, for which it got its name. Until 1917, Russian navigators used two names: the Eastern Ocean and the Pacific Sea.
- The maximum ocean depth found in the Mariana Trench is 10, 994 m (measured in 2011). The deepest point is called the Challenger Abyss - after the name of the Challenger hydrographic vessel, from which measurements were first taken (1951). The average depth of the Pacific Ocean is 3984 m.
- The area of the ocean together with the seas is about 179 million km2. The seas, straits and bays of the Pacific Ocean occupy 18% of its total area.
- In this ocean there are about 10 thousand islands of various sizes - this puts the reservoir in first place among all oceans.
- 11% of the seabed is occupied by mid-ocean ridges, which are hidden deep under water.
- Compared to the entire land mass of the planet, the Pacific Ocean is 30 million km2 larger in area.
- The Pacific Ocean contains 53% of the world's oceans.
- The length of the Pacific Ocean from west to east is more than 19 thousand km, from south to north - about 16 thousand km.
- The Pacific Ocean is bordered by the Arctic, Atlantic, Indian oceans.
- The South Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans form the Southern Ocean.
- The largest islands are located in the Pacific Ocean: Kalimantan (about 750 thousand km2) and New Guinea (about 800 thousand km2). More than them - only the island of Greenland (about 2 million km2), which is washed by the Arctic and Atlantic oceans.
- The International Date Line (180th meridian) runs across the Pacific Ocean. This is a conventional line, on both sides of which the difference in local time is 24 hours.
- The Pacific Ocean is home to more than 50% of the biomass (plant and animal organisms) of the World Ocean.
- The number of species of unicellular algae in the reservoir is about 1300.
- Giant brown algae up to 200 m long are widespread in the ocean.
- Pacific coral reefs account for 18% of the world's reef area.
- The tropical waters of the Pacific are home to about 2, 000 fish species. 95% of all salmon species are found in the Pacific Ocean.
- The giant bivalve mollusk, tridacna, lives in the equatorial zone of the reservoir. Its shell is 2 m long and weighs more than 300 kg. The life span of the mollusk is about 200 years.
- At a depth of about 9 km, sea cucumbers live - invertebrates of the Echinoderm type. In search of food, they pass soil and sand through the digestive tract, filtering out plankton and organic debris.
The Pacific Ocean is fraught with many more interesting things, but because of the irresponsibility of people, its waters are polluted with oil, nuclear and chemical waste, and garbage. Because of this, the flora and fauna of the ocean is dying. For example, a sea cow once lived in the Bering Sea; by the end of the 18th century, the animal was exterminated by man. People must learn to take care of their planet in order to continue enjoying its beauty.