Interesting facts "Geography" Interesting facts about the Arctic Ocean
- From the course of geography, we know that the Arctic Ocean is the smallest in area on our planet. Meanwhile, the total area of this "baby" is more than 14 million square kilometers. In addition, this ocean contains the largest island on Earth - Greenland.
- It is from the coast of Greenland, as well as the archipelagos of Franz Josef Land and Svalbard, that huge ice blocks - icebergs that wander not only within the Arctic Ocean, but also in the southern latitudes - are set sail. One such ice giant caused the sinking of the Titanic ocean liner in 1912, although the disaster took place in the Atlantic Ocean.
- The Arctic Ocean is rich not only in icebergs, but also in minerals. For example, in its depths there is a quarter of all oil reserves of our planet. And the shores of the ocean are a real storehouse of various ores: coal, gold, lead, zinc and so on.
- If nature has generously endowed this ocean with minerals, then human activities have led to the fact that its bottom resembles a huge dump. It is literally strewn with plastic waste and other "gifts" of human activity. Environmentalists argue that piles of debris prevent the inhabitants of the ocean floor from eating normally and, accordingly, reproducing.
- Global warming and active human activities in this region have led to the fact that the ice cover is rapidly decreasing, by about 100, 000 square kilometers annually. Already in the second half of the XXI century, this may become the reason that the level of the Arctic Ocean will rise significantly.
- The salinity of the Arctic Ocean is the lowest of all oceans. This is due to the large influx of melt water and low evaporation of water from the ocean surface.
- The Norwegian traveler Fridtjof Nansen became the first person to cross this ocean by boat in 1896. And the expedition of the British polar explorer Wally Herbert in 1969 reached from Alaska to Svalbard in dog sleds.
- May 1937 to February 1938 Soviet polar explorers I. D. Papanin, P. P. Shirshov, E. K Fedorov and E. T. Krenkel drifted on an ice floe from the North Pole to the shores of Greenland. The members of the expedition were awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union and the degree of doctors of geographical sciences. It is interesting that the leader of the expedition, Ivan Dmitrievich Papanin, in his childhood was able to graduate only from the zemstvo primary school.
- According to legends, Sannikov Land is located in the Arctic Ocean - an island mentioned by polar explorers of the 19th century. Russian merchant Yakov Sannikov, who hunted foxes and mammoth tusks in the Arctic, claimed that in 1810 he saw a blooming oasis among the Arctic ice. Many expeditions went in search of the mysterious island, but none of them was successful.