The South Pole is considered one of the most unusual places on the planet, which contains hundreds of mysteries. The most sophisticated scientists come here to learn something new or make a scientific discovery. They sacrifice a lot to be here: work, family, health. The South Pole is as beautiful as it is dangerous. Not everyone can live here, or rather, survive.
The South Pole is the southern tip of the earth's axis, located at latitude 90 degrees south in Antarctica. The area around the South Pole is a plateau in west-central Antarctica. This landmark is located approximately 300 miles south of the Ross Ice Shelf. The geographic S Pole is in a different location than the Magnetic S Pole and the Geomagnetic S Pole.
The South Pole was first reached by the Norwegian explorer Roald Amandsen on December 14, 1911, and then again the following year by the British explorer Robert F. Scott.
The first flight across the South Pole was made by the American Richard Byrd, in 1928
First crossed Antarctica without the use of animals or mechanical transport: Arvid Fuchs and Reynold Meisner, December 30, 1989
The South Pole is a very cold place. The lowest temperature ever recorded there was -83 C and the warmest was -12.3 C. The South Pole is also very dry, receiving only 20-25 cm of snow each year.
The south pole shifts every summer because ice moves across the pole 30 feet (10 m) each year.
The magnetic South Pole (pointed to by compasses) is located approximately 2, 700 km from the geographic South Pole. It is not even on the continent of Antarctica, but in the southern ocean. The magnetic South Pole moves approximately 5.5 km annually.
Since the South Pole is at the edge of the globe, the sun can be seen here as well as anywhere else. It has been proven that this is where the longest sunsets in the world are. Those who love this natural phenomenon will clearly appreciate it. The most interesting thing is that you can see only one sunset and one sunrise per year. Well, those who live here have slowly gotten used to this non-standard feature.
Despite the fact that many flags of different countries can be seen at the South Pole in Antarctica, this is the only place on earth that does not belong to anyone, and where there is no indigenous population.
The South Pole is a continent surrounded by oceans. But the North Pole is just a big block of ice.
Since the pole is located on a huge ice plate, the thickness of which is about three thousand meters, a person may feel bad at first. After all, the height is great, three thousand meters above sea level. Because of this, some people often experience dizziness, which is typical in this climate. In addition, I constantly want to sleep, even when I just woke up.
If all the ice in Antarctica melted, sea levels around the world would rise by 61 meters.
The Arctic tern makes a record-breaking flight from the Arctic to Antarctica every year, flying more than 70, 000 km.
New Zealand is the closest to the South Pole - just 5, 462 kilometers away.