Everest is the highest mountain on our planet, its peak is located at an altitude of 8848 meters above sea level. The mountain was named in honor of the Englishman John Everest - the head of the geodesy service of British India in the middle of the 19th century.
Everest has several more names. In Tibet, for example, the peak is called Chomolungma, which means "Mother Goddess of Snows", and in Nepal - Sagarmatha (Mother of the Universe).
The first measurement of the height of this mountain giant was made in 1856. It was found to be 29, 000 feet. To avoid accusations of approximation of the calculations, since the number turned out to be round, the official figure was named 29, 002 feet.
At the end of the 20th century, Everest was measured using modern technology. It was found that the height of the summit is 25 meters higher than generally accepted. But these data are not recognized as official.
The first conquerors of Everest were the New Zealand climber Edmund Hillary and the Sherpa Tenzing Norgay. They climbed to the summit on May 29, 1953 and spent 15 minutes here. Hillary photographed his partner on Everest, but there is no photo of the New Zealander at the highest point of the planet: the Sherpas did not know how to use a camera.
Now you have to pay for the right to climb Everest. A climbing permit from the Tibet side costs $ 5, 500 for a group of 20 people. And in Nepal, the cost is much higher: $ 50 00. At the same time, the size of the group should not exceed 7 people.
In 1978, climbers Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler were the first to climb Everest without the use of oxygen masks.
The first woman to summit Mount Everest was American Stacy Ellison from Portland. This happened on September 29, 1988.
According to various sources, from 150 to 200 people died while climbing Mount Everest. Most of the climbers' corpses remained forever at the place of death. This is not caused by the heartlessness of their comrades, but by the inability to bring the dead down. This is physically impossible for people, and the use of aviation in such cases is also useless.
In summer, the temperature at the summit never rises above 0 degrees, and in winter it can drop to -60 degrees. The wind speed here can reach 55 meters per second.
So much debris has accumulated on the slopes of Everest that it can be safely called the highest mountainous landfill on the planet.
In 2008, employees of the Tibetan Environmental Protection Bureau collected about 8 tons of garbage on Mount Everest.
The government of Nepal in 2014 passed a law according to which, every climber going to conquer Mount Everest must collect at least 8 kilograms of garbage when descending from the top. Perhaps in this way it will be possible to bring order to the "top of the world."