The city of Rybinsk is home to about 185, 000 people, it is the second largest city in the Yaroslavl region. the city has a chance to enter the hundred largest cities of our country, currently Rybinsk is in 102nd place, and there are 1115 cities in the Russian Federation.
During its existence, and the city is already almost 1, 000 years old, it has repeatedly changed its names. In the annals for 1071, the settlement is mentioned under the name Ust-Sheksna, from 1504 to 1777 - Rybnaya Sloboda, then, until 1946 - Rybinsk, 1946 - 1957 - Shcherbakov, 1957 - 1984 - Rybinsk again, 1984 - 1989 years - Andropov, and since 1989 the city has once again returned the name of Rybinsk.
The city has always been famous for its fish, in 1504 it was mentioned in the spiritual letter of Ivan the Third as "the tsarist fishing settlement". From here, sturgeons, beluga, sterlet, white fish were delivered to the royal table. In 1553, Tsar Ivan the Terrible visited these places, who was heading for the Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery, during his travel to the pious places.
In the 19th century Rybinsk became one of the largest shopping centers in Russia. Few Russian cities could compare with this Volga city in terms of turnover. At that time Rybinsk was the main water hub that connected the Volga-Caspian basin with the capital of the empire - St. Petersburg. The Volga above Rybinsk was too shallow for large ships, therefore, the goods were loaded onto "Zaryben" boats, adapted for sailing on shallow rivers.
It is not surprising that such a turnover required a huge number of hands. More than 100, 000 barge haulers gathered annually in Rybinsk, delivering barges upstream. Rybinsk was called the "burlak capital" of Russia, and in 1977 a monument to the barge haule was erected on the Volga bank. At that time, by the way, he was the only one in the world. already in the XXI century a monument to barge haulers was erected in another city on the Volga - Samara.
Rybinsk merchants were far from poor people. In 1914, with donations from wealthy citizens, a monument to Emperor Alexander II, who was called the Liberator, was erected here. Alexander Mikhailovich Opekushin, a famous sculptor from the serfs of the Yaroslavl province, worked on the monument. But, the monument adorned the city on the Volga not for long, already in 1918, by the decision of the new government, it was demolished.
The Rybinsk reservoir, the construction of which was carried out in the thirties and forties of the last century, is the largest in Europe, its area exceeds 4, 500 square kilometers. This is almost twice the territory of a state like Luxembourg. During the construction, more than 130, 000 people had to be resettled, 663 villages and villages were under water, as well as Mologa, a former county town, whose population, at the time of the completion of the reservoir, exceeded 7, 000 people.
In January 2019, Rybinsk was included in the Guinness Book of Records. In the city, 120 activists built the world's largest snow fortress, the length of the wall of which was 115.9 meters. The construction was carried out only by hand, without the use of any special equipment. It took the record-breaking storytellers about six hours to complete all the work.
One of the most famous natives of the city of Rybinsk is the famous Soviet film director and screenwriter Stanislav Iosifovich Rostotsky. Spectators are well aware of such pictures of him as "It Was in Penkovo", "The Dawns Here Are Quiet", "A Squadron of Flying Hussars". In 1989, the director released his last work on the screens - the film "From the Life of Fyodor Kuzkin", after which he decided to leave the cinema. He bought himself a house on the shores of the Gulf of Finland in order to pay more attention to his main hobby - fishing.
What is the connection between Rybinsk and Hollywood? It turns out to be the most direct one. In the second half of the 19th century, brothers Joseph and Nikolai were born in Rybinsk, in the family of the clerk Chaim Sheinker. In 1893, the Shainkers left for the United States, where the brothers became one of the founders of American cinema. Joseph Shaker, aka Joseph Schenk, was even awarded an Oscar in 1952 for his enormous contribution to the development of cinema.
During the First World War, Arkady Raikin, the future famous theater and film actor, lived in Rybinsk with his parents. At that time the boy was only five years old, but it was in Rybinsk that he, for the first time in his life, visited the theater. Perhaps it was then that he chose a profession for himself for life.
Production of the legendary Soviet Buran snowmobiles began in Rybinsk in 1971. This wonderful passport made it possible to move perfectly on virgin snow, which was especially necessary in the regions of the Far North. In the spring of 1972, a race took place along the Rybinsk - Vorkuta route. In just 15 years, 100, 000 Burans were produced.