Los Angeles is the second largest city in the United States of America. In terms of the number of inhabitants, Los Angeles, which is home to almost 4 million people, is second only to New York, where there are more than twice as many citizens - 8, 300, 000. Interestingly, in 1900, Los Angeles had only 100, 000 inhabitants. In one century, their number has increased 40 times. The settlement was founded in 1781, and received the status of a city only 69 years later. Translated from Spanish into Russian, its name means "City of Angels".
It is often said in Los Angeles that this city is built more for cars than people. And in every joke, as you know, there is some truth. The city is poorly provided with public transport, but there are a lot of private cars here. Many car enthusiasts have more than one car. Vehicles cover a quarter of the total area of Los Angeles.
Given the huge number of cars, it is not surprising that Los Angeles is the world leader in the number of traffic jams. The average city dweller spends over 100 hours in traffic jams every year. The problem of traffic jams cannot be solved in any way, despite all the efforts of the local authorities.
The most famous area of the city is Hollywood, which is located northwest of downtown Los Angeles. It is Hollywood that is called the capital of the world film industry. Hundreds of films from local film studios are released annually. One of the main attractions in Hollywood is the Walk of Fame, which has over 2, 500 stars in honor of famous personalities in the entertainment industry.
At the same time, Hollywood retained the status of a separate settlement until 1910. But, at the beginning of the twentieth century, its inhabitants voted to join Los Angeles. The reason was quite trivial, it gave them the opportunity to join the "blessings of civilization" - sewerage and water supply.
Frunzik Mkrtchyan in the film "Mimino" assured that the best water in the world is in San Francisco, and the second place is taken by the Armenian city of Dilijan. Los Angeles can be added to this honorary list. Several years ago, this city, along with Canadian Clearbrook, won the annual Berkeley Springs competition for the best tap water. The evaluation was carried out according to the following criteria: taste, purity, smell, clarity and aftertaste.
The first ceremony of presenting the prestigious Oscar was held on May 16, 1929 at the Roosevelt Hotel. At that time, it did not cause much excitement and lasted only 15 minutes. It was attended by only 270 people, and the entrance ticket could be purchased for $ 5.
Los Angeles is recognized as one of the safest cities in the United States with a population of over one million. Over the past decade, the crime rate has dropped significantly here. However, the police do not recommend night walks in some areas of the city and carrying large sums of money and jewelry with you.
Not so long ago, southeast Los Angeles was literally overrun with hordes of rats and mice. Even rat attacks on people were recorded. To ensure the safety of the townspeople, the Los Angeles police created a special "cat patrol". This unit is on duty around the clock. And not without success, the number of rodents began to noticeably lament. Cats were chosen to fight mice and rats in animal shelters.
Los Angeles is one of the few cities to have hosted the Summer Olympics twice. Here they took place in 1932 and 1984. It is interesting that a delegation from the Soviet Union did not participate in any of them. In 1932, the USSR was not yet a member of the International Olympic Committee.
But the 1984 Olympics were boycotted by the athletes of the Soviet Union, like most of the socialist countries. The official reason for refusing to participate in the competition is the lack of security guarantees for the countries of the socialist camp. Probably, the fact that the Americans did not come to the Olympics in Moscow four years earlier also affected.
Los Angeles is one of the main centers of oil production in the United States. The first exploration work here was carried out at the end of the 19th century, and by 1930 the state of California provided almost a quarter of all the oil produced at that time in the world. Oil rigs in Los Angeles can be seen in the most unexpected places - close to shops, schools, cafes and beaches.
Los Angeles is home to people from more than 140 countries around the world. The Russian diaspora is quite numerous here, about 100, 000 residents of the city call Russian their native language. Here you can see Russian restaurants and shops, buy Russian-language newspapers. According to the latest census, Russian is the seventh most widely spoken language in the United States.