Interesting facts about Luxembourg

Luxembourg has an area of ​​only 2, 586 square kilometers. The full name of this state is the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. The country borders on Belgium, France, Germany and is landlocked. At the moment, just over 600, 000 people live in Luxembourg, the official languages ​​are French, German and Luxembourgish, which received this status only in 1984.

  1. The interior of Luxembourg is rich in minerals, primarily iron ore, the mining of which began in this area at the beginning of our era. The country is one of the leaders in Europe in terms of living standards. But, this wealth is not provided by the availability of minerals, but by a developed banking system. There are over 200 banks and about 1, 000 investment funds in the country. In addition, there are a large number of German and Belgian companies in Luxembourg.
  2. The capital of this tiny state is the city of the same name - Luxembourg, the first mention of which dates back to the 8th century AD. Currently, the capital has just over 100, 000 inhabitants, which is every sixth citizen of the country. Luxembourg is one of the most expensive cities in Europe. True, there is one advantage - since March 1, 2020, city transport has become free here.
  3. Luxembourg is not the only city in the country, there are 16 of them in total, but all the rest are significantly inferior to the capital in terms of the number of inhabitants. For example, the second largest city is Esch-sur-Alzette, where only 30, 000 people live. Most of Luxembourg's cities are located in the south of the country, the largest settlement in the north is Wiltz (5, 000 inhabitants).
  4. Agriculture, even today, plays an essential role in the economy of the state. Meat and dairy cattle breeding, fruit growing and viticulture are developed here. And winemaking on the territory of modern Luxembourg appeared in the era of Ancient Rome. And now Luxembourg is exporting wine to different countries of the world. The country cares about the environment - a third of Luxembourg's territory is covered with forests.
  5. More than 500 brands of beer are produced in Luxembourg. Moreover, many of them contain a variety of spices and even fruits. At first, the visitors of the bars are offered small "probes" of 100-150 g. In order for the client to make his choice. It is interesting that in Luxembourg there is even a small street, whose name, translated into Russian, sounds rather unusual - “Where Moselle beer is brewed”
  6. There are no high mountains in Luxembourg, but it was for this country that one of the most titled skiers, Mark Girardelli, competed. A native of Austria, due to disagreements with his own federation, he took the citizenship of Luxembourg, speaking for this country he won more than once World Cups and twice became the silver medalist of the Olympic Games. Six times Girardelli was recognized as the best sportsman in the country.
  7. But, in general, Luxembourg cannot boast of significant sporting successes, athletes of this country regularly take part in the Summer Olympic Games, but only two awards have been won. And it happened a very long time ago - in 1920, weightlifter Joseph Alcin won the silver award, and in 1952 athlete Josie Bartel became the winner in the 1500-meter race.
  8. Luxembourg does not border on Switzerland, but one of the regions in the east of the country - Müllerthal - is often called "Little Switzerland", which occupies about 7 percent of the state's territory. It is believed that the nature and terrain here is very similar to the real Switzerland. The oldest city in Luxembourg, Echternach, is located here.
  9. Luxembourgish restaurant Chiggeri was included in the Guinness Book of Records in 2009. It turns out that he is the owner of the longest wine list. Visitors to the institution are offered a huge selection of wines - more than 1, 700 varieties.
  10. Representatives from Luxembourg have won the Eurovision Song Contest five times. The inhabitants of this country are generally very musical. They say about themselves like this: if there is only one Luxembourger, he works in the garden, if there are two of them, they start an argument among themselves, and if there are three, then they create an orchestra. The Luxembourg Conservatory was founded back in 1906. Currently, 2, 600 students from 60 countries of the world study here.
  11. From the middle of the 19th century to the beginning of the 21st century, the Luxembourg franc was the currency of the country. But on January 1, 2002, the country switched to the euro. The population was asked to exchange their money at the rate of 40, 3 francs per euro. The franc remained in circulation for another two months - until the end of February 2002.
  12. The youngest daughter of Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin, Natalya, married Count Merenberg, a representative of the Luxembourg dynasty. And their son Georg, the grandson of the great Russian poet, at the beginning of the twentieth century was even among the contenders to take the throne of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.