An ancient settlement was discovered on the territory of modern Yaroslavl, which dates back to the V-III millennia BC. And the city of Yaroslavl itself was founded, presumably, in 1010 AD and got its name in honor of the founder - Prince Yaroslav the Wise. This is the oldest Russian city built on the banks of the Volga River. It is interesting that throughout its more than a thousand-year history, the city has never changed its name.
11 interesting facts about Yaroslavl
- The first coat of arms of Yaroslavl appeared in the 16th century, it depicted a fish, which is not surprising, Yaroslavl has always been one of the centers of fishing in Russia. In a later period, the bear became the symbol of the city. In 1730, the coat of arms was officially approved - "a standing black bear, holding a red chasing in its paw, a yellow field". And the living symbol of the city is a bear named Masha, she lives in the Yaroslavl Museum-Reserve.
- At the beginning of the 17th century, Yaroslavl temporarily served as the capital of the Russian state. During the Time of Troubles, coins were even minted here, and Mikhail Fedorovich, the first tsar of the Romanov dynasty, following from Kostroma to Moscow, stayed for some time at the Spassky Monastery in Yaroslavl. At that time, Yaroslavl was second only to Moscow in terms of the number of inhabitants. In 1912, Emperor Nicholas II established a festive day in Yaroslavl, which was celebrated on May 24, as a sign of the city's merits in overcoming the Troubles.
- Yaroslavl is the birthplace of the Russian theater. It was here that, in 1750, the theater troupe of Fyodor Volkov began to stage performances in a stone barn, which was adapted for performances. Two years later, by order of Empress Elizabeth Petrovna, Volkov, along with his troupe, was summoned to St. Petersburg, where he soon began to stage performances for the empress and her entourage.
- On December 1, 1898, the daily newspaper "Severny Kray" began to appear in Yaroslavl. The newspaper quickly gained popularity not only in Yaroslavl, but also in neighboring provinces. No wonder, its circulation reached 5, 000 copies, for a provincial publication it was a huge success. The newspaper was closed more than once for sharp political publications, but soon it was reopened with a new name. In just four years, the names have changed 42 times: "Northern Region", "Northern Thought", "Northern News". Moreover, the word "north" was preserved in almost all names.
- Many feature films were shot in Yaroslavl. One of the most popular, of course, is the comedy "Afonya", directed by the legendary Georgy Danelia. In Yaroslavl, the heroes of this picture are remembered to this day. In May 2010, a monument to the plumber Afanasy Borshov and his friend the plasterer Kolya was unveiled here. And next to this monument is the Afonya pub with a Soviet interior. For example, beer is served in the famous 0.5 liter glass mugs.
- The first woman cosmonaut Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova in 1953 graduated from seven classes of the Yaroslavl school number 32, which now bears the name of its famous graduate. Valentina began her career at the Yaroslavl Tire Plant, and in 1959 she began to study at the Yaroslavl Aero Club, made several dozen parachute jumps. On March 12, 1962, Tereshkova was enrolled in the cosmonaut corps, on July 16, 1963, she went on a flight in the Vostok-6 spacecraft.
- The tram system of Yaroslavl is one of the oldest in our country. Back at the end of the 19th century, the Joint Stock Company of Urban and Suburban Horse Railways in Russia appealed to the local Duma with a proposal to arrange a show jumping in the city - a carriage pulled by horses on rails. And on December 30, 1900, the first tram passed through Yaroslavl. At present, the total length of the city's tram lines is 42 kilometers.
- The first domestic trolleybuses were manufactured in Yaroslavl. Already in 1936, the production of trolleybuses was launched at the Yaroslavl Automobile Plant, which were sent to Moscow and Leningrad. In the city itself, trolleybus traffic was opened much later, only in 1949. Until that time, trams played the role of the main public transport in the city.
- In 2013, a symbolic sign with a characteristic name was solemnly opened in Yaroslavl - "Kilometer Zero" of the Golden Ring. After all, Yaroslavl can rightfully be called the capital of the "Golden Ring." route - Moscow, Kostroma, Sergiev Posad, Rostov the Great, Pereyaslavl-Zalessky, Vladimir, Ivanovo and Suzdal.
- In Yaroslavl, the manuscript "The Lay of Igor's Campaign" was discovered. Count Alexei Ivanovich Musin-Pushkin, who was fond of collecting Russian antiquities, found the manuscript in Yaroslavl at the end of the 18th century. Already at the beginning of the next century, "The Word" was repeatedly reprinted, and the original itself burned down in 1812 in Moscow, where it was kept in the Musin-Pushkin palace.
- Several sights of Yaroslavl can be seen on a modern 1000-ruble banknote of the Bank of Russia. This is a monument to Yaroslav the Wise, which was erected in the city in 1993. In addition, the banknote bears images of the Kazan Mother of God chapel, the Transfiguration Monastery and the Church of John the Baptist.