What do we know about Saint Helena? For example, the fact that in 1821 Napoleon Bonaparte died on this island. This is perhaps the most famous, but far from the only interesting fact about a small island in the Atlantic Ocean.
Saint Helena is one of the most remote from the continents. For example, to the coast of Africa - 1950 km. And to South America it is even more - 2900. That is why the British exiled the deposed Napoleon here, because Bonaparte fled safely from the island of Elba, located not far from Italy.
Interestingly, Russians do not need a visa to visit the island; they can be obtained here upon arrival. But getting to St. Helena is not easy: ships dock on the coast only a couple of times a month. And a few months ago, the first airport was opened on the island, which, by the way, is called the most useless in the world: it took more than 280 million pounds to build. It will not be able to recoup it, even though the island's authorities are hoping for a sharp increase in the number of tourists.
Currently, there is no grave of Napoleon on the island - twenty years after his death, the remains of the former emperor of France were transported to Paris. But the house where Napoleon Bonaparte spent the last years of his life has survived. Despite the fact that the island itself belongs to England, France owns Napoleon's house: the Longwood House estate was bought in 1858 for 7, 100 pounds.
The capital of the island is Jamestown. This city is the only one on the island. Its population is about 800 people, approximately 1/6 of all residents of St. Helena. In the city there is a "Jacob's ladder", which leads to the observation deck, going up there you can see the whole island. True, there are 699 steps to overcome.
The Portuguese explorer João da Nova is considered the discoverer of the island. It was his ship that landed on the deserted island on May 21, 1502, on Saint Helena's Day.
Justice on the island is carried out in an original way - once a year a judge from Great Britain arrives here and considers "in bulk" all cases that have accumulated during this time.
Back in the 19th century, the island could be called prosperous: ships that made flights from Europe to India and back replenished their supplies of fresh water and food. But, in 1869, the Suez Canal was opened, and the island was far away from major sea routes. Not surprisingly, finding a job now is difficult for locals, so many of them travel to the UK in search of a better life.
The island attracts the attention of treasure hunters, near the coast in 1613 the Dutch ship "Witte Liuw" sank, loaded with gold and precious stones.