In the center of South Australia there is a small mining town of Coober Pedy, whose name is translated from the language of the Australian aborigines as "white man's hole." The city is located in one of the most sparsely populated areas of the continent, in the Victoria Desert. And it is interesting because people here, because of the unbearable heat, live underground.
Coober Pedy is rightfully called the world capital of opals. This stone, widely used in jewelry, is mined here in huge quantities. The local subsoil contains about a third of the world's opal reserves. But the living conditions are not the most suitable. Daytime temperatures often exceed 50 degrees.
Therefore, even the first settlers of these places, and stone mining has been carried out in Coober Pedy since 1915, guessed that it is not at all necessary to endure the unbearable heat, you can comfortably settle underground, in the mines that remain after the extraction of opal.
They maintain a comfortable temperature, so most of the time the townspeople, of which there are about 2, 000 people, spend underground. Here, even in summer, the temperature is 26 degrees. In addition, there is no need to build houses for workers and install air conditioners in them.
In the underground city, you can go shopping, visit a store, dine in a restaurant and even take a dip in the pool without rising to the surface. Interestingly, the local church and cemetery are also underground.
The main value in Coober Pedy is water. It has not yet been possible to get to her. The city is located in one of the driest regions of Australia, with no more than 150 mm of precipitation per year. Previously, water was brought here by pack animals. In recent years, water supply has been installed, but water is still highly valued.
There is practically no greenery on the surface of the earth. These are mainly cacti brought from different parts of the world. And the "trees" here are simply welded from iron and painted green.
It is not surprising that such an unusual city is of great interest to tourists. Every year thousands of exotic lovers visit Coober Pedy. Moreover, it is not difficult to get here: the Adelaide - Alice Springs railway runs next to the underground city.
Films are often shot against the backdrop of the city. For example, Mad Max 3: Under the Dome of Thunder and The Adventures of Priscipa, Queen of the Desert. And in the vicinity of Coober Pedy, the exercises of the expedition to Mars took place.