In ancient China, tangerines were considered a symbol of happiness, wealth and longevity. That is why the Chinese, going on a visit, took several fruits as a gift to the owners, thereby showing that they wish them all the best. And the hosts, in turn, also gave tangerines to the guests before leaving. There is an assumption that the very name "mandarin", translated from the Chinese language, means "rich man".
In Chinese philosophy, the number 8 is sacred and means "prosperity." It is believed that if you put 8 tangerines on a dish in the form of a circle, then prosperity will be endless.
It is China that is the birthplace of tangerines. Gradually, they began to grow in other Asian countries (India, Japan). And in the 19th century, tangerines reached Europe and South Africa - whole plantations spread across the Mediterranean countries. In the Soviet Union, tangerines were grown in Abkhazia - this was the northernmost region where they were cultivated.
It is interesting that the Yaroslavl merchant Nikolai Igumnov began to grow tangerines in Abkhazia. He was exiled to the Caucasus in 1901 for an outrageous act - stamping on a portrait of the emperor. This is exactly what the denunciation said. In fact, the wealthy merchant had a ball at his mansion. Wanting to finally amaze the guests, he scattered gold coins on the floor. And they had a portrait of the king. Igumnov found "well-wishers" who scribbled a denunciation.
They sent an unreliable merchant to the village of Alakhadzy. But here, too, the enterprising Igumnov found use of his abilities: he took up cattle breeding and gardening. Including the cultivation of tangerines.
The tangerine tree is evergreen. The fruits ripen for a long time - from 6 to 8 months. On average, about 600 fruits are harvested from one tree, but there are record-holders, who grow up to 5, 000 fruits.
Mass deliveries of tangerines to the Soviet Union began only in 1963. Shortly before the New Year, the CPSU Central Committee issued a decree to provide Soviet citizens with tangerines and champagne for the holiday. The ripening season for tangerines falls on November, therefore, it was they that Soviet children associated with the New Year holidays.
Scientists at the Mayo Clinic Science Center have found that tangerines are wonderful to cheer you up. Their smell relieves anxiety and stress and charges a person with optimism.
Tangerines are nitrate-free. This is due to the fact that fruits contain a lot of citric acid, which, due to its properties, neutralizes their harmful effects.
Despite the popularity of tangerines all over the world, it is almost impossible to find tangerine juice on sale. This is due to the fact that during heat treatment it loses all its beneficial properties. In addition, not much juice is squeezed out of tangerines; it is much more profitable to sell the fruits. And the taste of tangerine juice is quite peculiar and not everyone will like it.