The birthplace of corn is Mexico. It was here that local Indians were able to domesticate it several millennia ago. Wild corn had very small cobs. Currently, a huge number of varieties are grown on the territory of Mexico, moreover, the cobs are not only yellow, but also red, blue, black.
Until now, there is no consensus - where did the name "corn" come from? According to one version, translated from Spanish, this word means "paper bag". Others believe that this word came to Russia from Turkey, where the word "kokoroz" means "tall plant". After all, corn appeared in Russia from Turkey at the end of the 18th century, we also called it "Turkish wheat". As you can see, this plant was known in our state long before Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev.
Corn is one of the most widespread crops on our planet. In terms of the total sown area, it is second only to wheat. And corn enjoys special respect in its homeland - in Mexico. On average, every Mexican eats more than 90 kg of corn annually.
Ecuador also disputes the right to be called the birthplace of corn. Here, in the city of Hipihapa, there is even a monument to the corn on the cob. However, it is far from the only one in the world. There are countless similar structures: several monuments have been installed in the United States, as well as in Ireland and on the island of Bali.
The famous Cuban poet Jose Marti once said: "All the glory of the world is placed in a grain of corn." Fidel Castro liked to quote these words. Perhaps that is why many Cubans are convinced that the stone on the grave of the leader of the Cuban revolution looks like a grain of corn.
It is believed that the roots of corn are able to absorb the smallest particles of gold. And if you burn a ton of corn cobs, you can get a few grams of the precious metal. However, no news of the mass production of gold from corn has yet been received.
Currently, wild corn is no longer found. Even if the ear falls to the ground, it will rot rather than germinate the next year.
A special kind of corn is used to make popcorn. The grains of this variety contain a large amount of moisture. When heated, the grain explodes, emitting a characteristic pop. Popcorn's birthday is celebrated annually on January 22nd. It was on this day in 1630 that English settlers received a large bag of popcorn from one of the Indian leaders.
In the decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU of January 20, 1960, it was said about the need to increase the range of products from corn. It was recommended to establish trade in popcorn, corn cobs and other "delicacies" made from the queen of the fields.
The technology for making corn flakes was patented in 1895 by the Kellogg brothers from the USA. He was granted a patent for the production of Peeled Corn Grains.
Doctors recommend consuming corn regularly. It has been proven to strengthen the enamel of the teeth, improve the functioning of the brain, the digestive tract, and is also an excellent tool for the prevention of tumors.