Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

The name "7 Wonders of the World" was first coined by Antipater of Sidon in the 2nd century BC. and unfortunately only it has survived to this day. By now, six of the seven wonders of the world have been destroyed by natural disasters or people. In chronological order, the Seven Wonders were:

1) The Great Pyramid of Giza - a giant stone pentahedron (pentagon) near the ancient city of Memphis, serving as a tomb for the Egyptian pharaoh Khufu. The pyramid still stands in the city of Giza, the necropolis of ancient Memphis, and today is part of Cairo.

2) Hanging Gardens of Babylon - a palace with legendary gardens was built on the banks of the Euphrates River for King Nebuchadnezzar II. Presumably, it was located on the eastern bank of the Euphrates River, about 50 km south of Baghdad.

3) Statue of Zeus at Olympia - a huge statue of the father of the Greek gods was installed in the city that gave rise to the Olympic Games in the 5th century BC. The 12-meter statue of Zeus was made of gold, marble and ivory.

4) Temple of Artemis at Ephesus - erected in 350 BC. in Ephesus, a temple in honor of the Greek goddess of hunting and wildlife, was decorated with gold and silver figurines and bas-reliefs. In 262 A.D. it was destroyed and plundered by the Goths.

5) Mausoleum - a tomb built in Bodrum (Turkey) in 325 BC. for King Mavsol, Persian satrap Kariy.

6) Colossus of Rhodes - a huge statue of Helios, the sun god, erected by the Greeks near the harbor of the Mediterranean island. The Colossus took 12 years to build and was completed in 282 BC. For many years, the statue stood at the entrance to the harbor until, around 226 BC, a violent earthquake in Rhodes damaged it. The colossus was broken at the knee. The Rhodians wanted to restore the monument, but the oracle (fortuneteller) forbade the repair. For almost a millennium, the statue lay broken in ruins, until the Arabs invaded Rhodes, sold its remains to Syria. The fragments were transported to Syria on the backs of 900 camels.

7) Lighthouse of Alexandria - the lighthouse was built in 270 BC. on the island of Pharos (Egypt), off the coast of Alexandria. The height of the building made of white marble was 122 meters. There is a legend that at the top of the lighthouse there was a magic mirror, with the help of which ships were visible 50 kilometers from the coast. The lighthouse was destroyed by an earthquake in 1375 AD.