The word robot was first mentioned in the play by the Czech author Karel Čapek “R.U.R.”, which describes a factory in which robots assemble themselves. The work was published in 1920.
Robot and work are cognate words. In Czech, the word "robota" means "hard labor", "hard work", "corvée".
The first robot capable of performing the simplest movements and reproducing phrases at the command of a person was designed by the American engineer D. Wexley for the World's Fair in New York in 1927.
In 1981, Kenji Urada, a Kawasaki factory worker, became the first official victim to be killed by a robot.
One of the smallest robots was designed in 1992 in Japan by Seiko Epson. Its length is 1 cm and its weight is only 1.5 g.
On March 18, 2008, the 81-year-old Australian became the first person to commit suicide using a robot he himself assembled according to schemes taken from the Internet.
The robots in the annual RoboCup compete in a simplified soccer form.
A drawing of a humanoid robot was made by Leonardo da Vinci around 1495. Leonardo's notes, found in the 1950s, contained detailed drawings of a mechanical knight capable of sitting, spreading his arms, moving his head, and opening a visor.
The robot chess player Deep Blue defeated the world chess champion Garry Kasparov.
The American scientist writer Isaac Asimov (by the way, comes from the BSSR) formulated three laws of robotics, which are still relevant in our time:
1. A robot cannot harm a person, or by its inaction, allow a person to be harmed.
2. The robot must follow the orders of the person, if these orders do not contradict the First Law.
3. The robot must take care of its own safety as long as it does not contradict the First or Second Laws.
The Singularity Institute (SIAI) in the United States is investigating the global risk issues that a future superhuman AI could pose if not programmed to be human-friendly.