The first mentions of kites are found in the II century BC, in China. According to the documents, the commander Han Xin, while laying siege to the city with the help of a kite, measured the height of its walls. But snakes also served peaceful purposes, they raised fireworks into the sky during the holidays, they were used in fishing, hanging hooks from threads floating above the water. In addition, it was used by peasants as a garden scarecrow.
But the kite came to Europe much later. Marco Polo, an Italian explorer who returned from China in 1295, wrote an accurate account of the construction of kites and how they were launched.
For a long time, snakes did not find practical use. From the second half of the 18th century. they are beginning to be widely used in scientific research of the atmosphere. In 1749 A. Wilson measured the air temperature at altitude with the help of a kite. In 1752, B. Franklin conducted an experiment in which, with the help of a snake, he revealed the electrical nature of lightning and subsequently, thanks to the results obtained, invented a lightning rod. M.V. Lomonosov conducted similar experiments and, independently of Franklin, came to the same results.
The experiments carried out in the study of atmospheric electricity were extremely dangerous. On June 26, 1753, Lomonosov's colleague, academician G.V. Richman.
In the 19th century, snakes were also widely used for meteorological observations.
At the beginning of the 20th century, kites contributed to the creation of radio. A.S. Popov used snakes to raise antennas to significant heights.
It is important to note the use of kites in the development of the first aircraft. In particular, A.F. Mozhaisky, before starting the construction of his aircraft, conducted a series of tests with kites pulled by a team of horses. Based on the results of these tests, the dimensions of the aircraft were selected, which were supposed to provide it with sufficient lift.
The practical capabilities of the kite attracted the attention of the military. In 1848 K.I. Konstantinov developed a system for rescuing ships in distress near the coast using kites. During the First World War, the troops of various countries used snakes to rise to the height of observers-spotters of artillery fire, reconnaissance of enemy positions.
A certain Otto Lilienthal from Germany in 1891 first took to the air on a kite of his own design, laying the foundation for kiting - a sport in which an athlete moves around the area with the help of a kite.
In recent years, the development of the so-called aerobatic kites - special-shaped kites, controlled by two handrails. An aerobatic kite, unlike any other, is capable of free gliding in the air, which ensures its special properties. They are designed to perform a complex of aerobatic figures of varying complexity.
All over the world, Clubs and communities are being created that unite lovers of kites - both constructors and simply launching (Kiteflyers). One of the famous is KONE - the New England Kite Club, which is part of the American Kiting Association.
The German company SkySails has used the kite as an additional power source for cargo ships, first testing it in January 2008 on the MS Beluga Skysails. Tests on this 55 meter ship have shown that under favorable conditions, fuel consumption is reduced by 30%.
The second Sunday in October is World Kite Day, on this day kite lovers all over the world launch their flying pets.