Interestingly, originally the word umbrella (from the Dutch. Zonnedek) - translated as "canopy from the sun"). And the word umbrella literally meant "a canopy on the ship."
The umbrella existed as far back as the 11th century BC. e. It is this time that is considered the time of the invention of the umbrella. China or Egypt is considered the homeland of the umbrella. In both of these countries, the umbrella was considered a symbol of power, only the pharaohs or emperors and those close to royalty could use umbrellas. The umbrellas were 1.5 meters high and weighed quite a lot. Following the women and dignitaries, the umbrella was carried by special slaves; there was a special profession - an umbrella carrier.
The umbrella was considered a symbol of wealth and power in India as well. The more noble a person was, the more his retinue had the right to wear umbrellas for him. The ruler had 13 umbrellas, symbolizing the sun and 12 zodiac signs located around it. In Tibet, white or yellow umbrellas are considered symbols of spiritual greatness, while peacock feather umbrellas are more consistent with secular power. Then from the East, umbrellas migrated to Ancient Greece, then to Rome, where they were used by women.
In Western Europe, the umbrella appeared in France in the 17th century and was called "parasol". The French parasol had a waxed top and a bone handle. The first "rain" umbrella made of oiled fabric appeared in the possession of the French king Louis XIII in 1637. However, “parapluis” - “against the rain” - seemed ridiculous to the French for another century and a half. The umbrella was still in their view "parasol" - "against the sun" or the Italian "umbrella" - that is, "shade".
In the 18th century, the umbrella, already in vogue, was widely prescribed by doctors as a remedy for the prevention of dizziness, epilepsy, eye inflammation, fever and burns.
On May 4, 1715, the first folding umbrella was produced in Paris. Initially, the umbrella served to protect from the sun, as a shelter from the rain, the umbrella was first used by the Englishman Jonas Henway in 1750.
The well-known English word umbrella goes back to Latin. Among the Romans, a folding sun umbrella made of leather stretched over a wooden frame was called "umbraculum" (from umbra - "shadow") and was a popular accessory for ladies, patricians and priests.
The small umbrella revolution took place in 1850, when the Englishman Samuel Fox patented an umbrella made of rubberized fabric and with steel needles.
One of the first popularizers of the umbrella as a men's accessory was the writer Daniel Defoe, whose hero Robinson Crusoe made himself an umbrella from goat skins. After that, for many years, sun umbrellas in England were called "Robinsons".
In 1969, Brad Phillips received a US patent for a folding umbrella, which Totes began selling in the US in 1970.
When Richard Halliburton sailed through the Panama Canal in 1928, next to him was a lifeboat with a lifeguard, and the last kilometers he swam under the cotton umbrella on the water to scare off predatory fish.
The work on improving the umbrella is being carried out as never before. As of 2008, there were 3, 000 umbrella-related patents registered in the United States.
The largest umbrella was made in Sweden. The diameter of the umbrella is 240 cm, and as many as 16 people can hide under it.