In the modern calendar, October is the tenth month of the year, but among the ancient Romans it was the eighth, hence the name, "okto", translated from Latin as "eight". In Russia, October was called "leaf fall", which does not even require explanation - it is in this month that leaves fall en masse. People also called October a "muddy", autumn rains made the roads practically unsuitable for movement. Our ancestors said that this month "dislikes neither wheel nor runner."
On the first day of October, according to the Julian style, the feast of the Protection of the Most Holy Theotokos was celebrated. The peasants also considered this holiday the patron saint of weddings. Young girls in villages prayed in churches to get married, and family life turned out to be happy. In October, the main agricultural work was completed, therefore, the month was considered the most convenient in order to celebrate a wedding. By the way, modern psychologists also consider autumn to be the best time to get married. Such families break up much less often.
A folklore festival called Oktoberfest is held annually in Munich. This holiday took place for the first time on October 12, 1810, when Crown Prince Ludwig was legally married to Princess Teresa of Saxony-Hildburghaus. Currently, the festival attracts up to 6 million guests, the main drink of the holiday is beer, and it is brewed exclusively in Munich breweries.
Before the collapse of the Soviet Union, one of the main holidays in the country was the Day of the October Revolution, which was celebrated on November 7. Everything is explained quite simply: at the beginning of 1918, Soviet Russia switched from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian, after January 31, February 14 immediately began. Accordingly, the celebration of the Day of the October Revolution moved from October 25 to November 7.
In the first years of Soviet power, the female name Oktyabrina was quite popular, which was given to girls in memory of the October Revolution. The peak of the popularity of this name fell on the twenties and early thirties of the last century. Sometimes boys were also named in honor of the revolutionary holiday, although much less often than girls. The male variants of this name are October, Oktyabrin and Oktyabrist.
In October, in Russia, they began to prepare for the arrival of a long and cold winter; they tried to determine what it would be by a variety of folk signs. If October was sunny and warm, then winter, on the contrary, was expected to be severe. Thunder in October foreshadowed a snowless winter. What date the first snow falls in October, the real spring will begin in April on the same date. It was believed that real winter begins forty days after the first snow.
The weather in October is unstable, warming can be replaced by a sharp cold snap. For example, on the morning of October 23, 2014, a record low temperature was recorded in Moscow - minus 13 degrees Celsius. On the afternoon of October 6, 1999, the air in the capital warmed up to 24 degrees.
Bread is one of the most popular foods on our planet. Since 2006, October 16 has been celebrated as World Bread Day. This holiday was initiated by the International Union of Bakers and Confectioners. Moreover, the date of the holiday was not chosen by chance - on October 16, 1945, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations was created.
The first officially confirmed football match in Russia also took place in October. On October 24, 1897 the newspaper "Petersburg leaflet" published a note that on the parade ground of the First Cadet Corps a meeting was held between the teams of the Vasileostrovsky Society of Football Players and the Circle of Sports Fans. The game ended with a convincing victory for Vasileostrovtsy 6: 0. The result was logical, the backbone of the winners was made up of the British - the founders of football.
Researchers of the work of the great English poet and playwright William Shakespeare noticed that he never mentions October in his works, although other months are quite common. But our poet Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin, on the contrary, loved the autumn October weather, he considered this time the best for creativity.
Research shows that babies born in October have a good chance of becoming long-lived. For example, the famous Soviet surgeon Fyodor Grigorievich Uglov was born on October 5 (new style), 1904. He is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the oldest practicing surgeon in the world. Fyodor Grigorievich worked until he was 90 years old, and died in 2008, several months before he was 104 years old.
On October 11, 1900, Boris Efimovich Efimov, a famous cartoonist, was born. He published his first cartoons back in 1918, and in 2007 (at the age of 107), he became the chief artist of the Izvestia newspaper. Boris Efimovich lived for 108 years, he died on October 1, 2008.