December is the last month of the year. But in the calendar of the ancient Romans, he was the tenth in a row, for which he got its name. Translated from Latin, "decem" means "ten". The Romans' New Year began in March. And in Russia this month was called "cold" or "jelly", since it was at this time that severe frosts were established. They said that in December the sun went to warm countries.
- The Northern Hemisphere Winter Solstice occurs on December 21st or 22nd. This is the shortest day of the year, and the night is, accordingly, the longest. On this day, it was strongly recommended to refrain from entertainment activities, and it was also necessary to return all debts so as not to be in debtors for a long time. Also on the day of the winter solstice, it was customary to get rid of old and unnecessary things in the house.
- One of the most important holidays for Christians, Christmas, fell on December 25 according to the Julian calendar. The holiday was preceded by a 40-day fast. And on the holiday itself, it was customary to "break the fast" - to eat not only lean, but also fast food. It was after Christmas, according to our ancestors, that the real winter came.
- On December 14, 1825, a famous uprising took place on Senate Square in St. Petersburg, which got its name in honor of this month. Five Decembrists were executed, more than 120 were sent to Siberia. The amnesty was announced only after the death of Nicholas I, in 1825. But, by that time, many of the exiles were no longer alive, and some of the survivors could no longer return to their homeland due to poor health.
- 12.12. 12, that is, December 12, 2012 is the last date in the 21st century when all the dates coincided. The next time such a coincidence will not happen soon, only at the beginning of the next century - January 1, 2101.
- In December, two General Secretaries of the CPSU Central Committee were born - Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin and Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev. Moreover, for a long time it was believed that Stalin was born on December 9, 1879. Only many years after his death, an entry was found in the birth register of the Assumption Cathedral Church in Gori, where it was noted that on December 17, 1878, the infant Joseph Dzhugashvili, born on December 6 of the same year, was baptized in this temple. So Stalin became "older" by a whole year. And in the Soviet Union, the 70th anniversary of the leader was solemnly celebrated in 1949.
- By the way, the Soviet Union itself was created in December and ceased to exist in the same month, only 69 years later. The treaty on the formation of the USSR was signed on December 29, 1922, and on December 8, 1991, the leaders of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus signed an agreement to terminate the activities of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The USSR officially ceased to exist on December 26 of the same year.
- On December 4, an unusual holiday is celebrated - the Day of Writing Letters to Santa Claus. There is almost a whole month before the New Year, which means there is a hope that Santa Claus will have time to fulfill all desires. In our country, the main character of the New Year holidays annually receives up to 400, 000 letters. About half a million more messages are received by e-mail. A regular letter should be sent to the address: 162390, Russia, Vologda Oblast, the city of Veliky Ustyug, the house of Father Frost.
- On the same day, in 1946, the first car with the characteristic name "Moskvich 400" was produced in Moscow. After the end of the Second World War, the documents of the "Opel" company were removed from Germany. The first model of the Moskvich was made on the model of Opel.
annually on December 10, the Nobel Prize ceremony is held. The laureates, in addition to a gold medal with a portrait of Alfred Nobel and a diploma, receive a substantial monetary reward, the amount of which depends on the income received by the Nobel Fund.
- December 11 according to the national calendar is Soykin's day. An amazing fact - the jay is able to imitate both the singing of other birds and the voice of a person. The screams of a jay at the window of a house on this day were considered a good sign. And superstitious people argued that if you go out and follow the bird, then it can show the way to happiness.
- One of the main opponents of Napoleon in Russia was, according to a joke, "General Moroz". Although, the French army left Moscow in mid-October, when the weather was warm enough. But on the borders of the Russian empire, the unlucky conquerors had to fully feel the rage of "General Moroz". Thousands of enemy soldiers froze to death as they retreated. The pitiful remnants of the once great army left Russia in December 1812. And on the feast of the Nativity of Christ, solemn church services were held throughout the country. The Russian people celebrated their deliverance from the Napoleonic invasion.
- A lot of folk signs are associated with December, by which it was possible to predict not only the weather for the next winter, but also the types of harvest. It was believed that if the land freezes well in December, then a good harvest should be expected next year.