For the first time the name Silicon Valley was used on January 11, 1971 by journalist Don Hefler in a series of publications entitled "Silicon Valley of the United States", which was about a new high-tech center in the south of San Francisco.
The original English name for the Silicon Valley comes from the use of silicon as a semiconductor in the manufacture of semiconductor devices (diodes, transistors, microcircuits). It was from this industry that the history of the valley as a technological center began. So why is the valley called Silicon Valley?
In the 1980s, Soviet newspapers also began to write about the Valley. At first, the translation was literal - only "Silicon Valley" was found in the media. But gradually the phrase "Silicon Valley" began to flicker. The confusion has arisen because of the consonance of the words silicon and silicone. The first word is translated as "silicon", the second is the very material that makes the shapes of the human body more rounded.
By the way, the Americans themselves call the Silicon Valley Silicon Valley. Back in 1984, Steve Gibson, president of Gibson Laboratories, in an article on chip manufacturing in Infoworld magazine, noted:
“… Integrated circuits are built from thin, round, flat wafers of ultrapure silicon. This is by no means the same as silicone. Silicon Valley is what some Hollywood actresses see when they look at their feet. Silicon Valley is the place in Northern California where chips are made. "
But the incorrect translation did not prevent the name from becoming common. It was recognized by dictionaries. Google, for example, gives 40% of total results for Silicon Valley and 60% for Silicon Valley.