Lakes are different: large, small, deep, shallow, drying up, etc. e. But there is one lake on the border of Peru and Bolivia, which bears the title of the highest located above sea level. Titicaca - that's what it is called, a little ridiculous and even funny for the Russian ear. The name of the lake in translation from the language of the Indians means "puma rock" (kaka - rock and titi - puma - a sacred animal of the Quechua tribes).
It is located at an altitude of 3812 meters above sea level, you see, it is impressive, because even some mountain ranges cannot boast of such numbers. It is believed that the modern size of the lake (8300) is just a remnant of what it used to be, the ancient reservoir was simply huge. This is evidenced by the fact that the chemical composition of the water taken from the lake is very close to that of the ocean.
Lake Titicaca has a maximum length of 190 km and a maximum width of 80 km. The narrow Strait of Tikuin divides the lake into two bodies of water.
On the topic of the Russian perception of Latin American names: about sixty kilometers from Lake Titicaca there is a city with a very eerie for the Russian language - Plague. But the residents themselves do not even suspect why the Russians are so surprised by the name of their lovely, friendly city.
As for the weather conditions prevailing over the water surface of this remarkable lake, it is rather cold there, due to the height. For most of the year, the shores of Lake Titicaca are covered with ice, in the center the temperature is constant (11-12 °), but despite this the region is considered navigable, the largest port city on the lake shore is Puno (118 thousand people).
It is worth noting that the lake with a maximum depth of 281m is the largest freshwater reserve in South America. Although it cannot be called absolutely fresh, since the salinity of water in it is about 1%. More than 300 rivers flowing from the glaciers surrounding the Altiplano flow into the lake and the Desaguadero River flows out, flowing into the closed lake Poopo in Bolivia.
The alpine lake region is a legacy of the already extinct Tiahuanaco culture, which was supplanted by the modern Aymara Indians at the end of the first millennium AD. The culture left its mark in history in the form of a well-preserved settlement with an area of just over 40 hectares. The style and quality of construction suggests that the civilization for that time and for South America itself was quite developed. From under the layers of the earth, archaeologists have extracted a whole town with preserved quarters, streets, houses and even a small pyramid. The pyramid is 15m high, called Akapana, according to historians, it was a continuation of the temple complex. Nevertheless, the complex was surrounded by a wall, from which not much has survived to this day, but, nevertheless, a monolithic gate still adorns the entrance. The image of the deity and unreal creatures running towards him is still the subject of controversy over whom the inhabitants of the lost civilization worshiped.
If you believe the legends of local residents, then at the bottom of the lake is the ancient city of Wanaku. Divers found fragments of walls, sculptures, houses there, but the legend about the city has not yet been confirmed.