Currently, hundreds of monuments to the great Russian poet Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin have been installed in the world, almost half of them are in Russia. This is an absolute record among all writers in our country. Little-known fact - the first monument to Pushkin was erected in 1817, when the aspiring poet was only 18 years old.
11 interesting facts about the monuments to Pushkin
- In 1817, Alexander Pushkin graduated from the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum - a privileged educational institution of tsarist Russia, where only children from noble families were accepted. Five Lyceum friends of Pushkin (A. Delvig, V. Küchelbecker, I. Matyushkin, I. Pushchin, and A. Illichevsky), with the permission of the director E. A. Engelhardt, ordered a marble block in St. Petersburg with the inscription "genio loci", translated from Latin "genius of the place".
- The monument was erected in a birch grove next to the lyceum. Perhaps it was just a joke, but the friends decided to remind everyone that it was here that their classmate's talent manifested itself. In 1844, the monument was moved to St. Petersburg on Kamennoostrovsky Prospekt. But, he did not stand here for long. After a while, the monument disappeared without a trace.
- In 1860, former graduates of the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum decided to erect another monument to the poet. This required the permission of the emperor. The issue was decided for more than one year, finally, such permission was received, but no money was allocated from the treasury. Former lyceum student Yakov Karlovich Groth signed up, thanks to which more than 160, 000 rubles were raised. The monument by the architect A.M. Opekushin was inaugurated on June 6, 1880 on Strastnaya Square. Initially, it was supposed to erect this monument in St. Petersburg. But, a friend of the poet, Admiral Fyodor Matyushkin, said that there are too many different monuments in St. Petersburg, but in Moscow, in the poet's homeland, it would be more appropriate. The emperor willingly agreed to erect a monument to the disgraced poet away from the capital.
- In 1900, a monument was erected in the Lyceum Garden of Tsarskoye Selo - Pushkin, sitting on a bench. On this very bench, next to the poet, there was a free place where his fans liked to sit and take pictures. In particular, one of the photos shows Sergei Yesenin. In order to prevent the monument from being damaged during the occupation, in 1941 it was buried in the ground for several years. Despite all their efforts, the Nazis were never able to find it.
- Presumably, Ethiopia was the birthplace of Alexander Sergeevich's ancestors. In the capital of this country, Addis Ababa, a monument with a bust of the poet was erected in 2002. It was a gift from the Moscow government to an African country. The sculptor Alexander Belashov worked on the monument. The inscription on the monument is eloquent: "To our poet ..."
- And in the village of Mikhailovskoye there is a monument to the hare, which, according to legend, saved Pushkin's life. In December 1825 the poet decided to leave for St. Petersburg. But, already on the outskirts of the village, a hare ran across the road, which was considered a bad omen. Pushkin decided to return back, as it turned out later, at this time in St. Petersburg the Decembrist uprising began. The figurine of a hare sits on a milestone, on which it is written: "416 miles left to Senate Square."
- The wedding of Pushkin and Natalia Goncharova took place on March 2, 1831 in Moscow in the Church of the Ascension of the Lord at the Nikitsky Gate. Now on the Old Arbat there is a monument depicting newlyweds leaving the church. In Moscow, Alexander and Natalia spent the first months of their family life. The figures are made in natural growth. Natalia Goncharova was 9 centimeters taller than her husband.
- The great-grandfather of the poet Fyodor Petrovich Pushkin in the 18th century had an estate in the village of Korenevshchino. Now it is the Dobrovsky district of the Lipetsk region. In 1999, when the 200th anniversary of the poet's birth was celebrated, the local school received the name of Pushkin, and a monument to the famous descendant of the owner of the village was erected here.
- Pushkin's duel with Dantes took place on the banks of the Black River. In the nineties of the nineteenth century, it was planned to arrange a hippodrome here. The Zhivopisnoe Obozreniye magazine came up with an initiative to install a pedestal here instead of the hippodrome. Soon, a plaster bust of the poet appeared on the site of the duel, which stood until 1924. In 1937, to the centenary of the death of Pushkin, a 9-meter granite obelisk appeared on the banks of the Black River.
- An unusual hobby of the poet from Kazakhstan Vasily Konoplev. He tries to visit as many places as possible where monuments to Pushkin are erected. Nobody can name the exact number of such monuments. Some sources indicate 600 monuments, others - 800. Vasily Konoplev himself is sure that on our planet there are at least 1, 000 monuments and memorial plaques dedicated to the great poet.
- But retired colonel Igor novoselov prefers to erect monuments to the poet around the world. He is looking for patrons of art who pay for the production and delivery of Pushkin's busts to various countries. In 2018, one of these monuments appeared, thanks to Novoselov, in the capital of Australia - Canberra.