Interesting facts "Man" Interesting facts about Nikolai Leskov
- The classic of Russian literature Nikolai Semenovich Leskov was born in the village of Gorokhovo, Oryol province on February 16, 1831. His ancestors were priests in the village of Leski in the same province. It was by the name of the village that they began to bear the name of Leskov. The father of the future writer moved from spiritual service to civil service - to the Oryol Criminal Chamber. Over time, he acquired the right to hereditary nobility. In one of his letters, Nikolai Leskov said about his father: "a wonderful clever man and a dense seminarian."
- When Kolya Leskov was only five years old, his father Semyon Dmitrievich wrote a covenant letter for his son, which, according to his father's will, he had to follow all his life. The covenant contained the following points: "Do not betray the faith of your fathers for anything in the world, " "Respect your mother with all your soul until her grave, " "Love all your neighbors in general, do not neglect anyone." It is interesting that Nikolai Semenovich kept this letter all his life, and then passed it on to his son, Andrei.
- In his youth, his uncle Sergei Petrovich Alferyev (brother of the writer's mother) took a great part in the fate of Leskov. It was he who helped his nephew to get a job as an official of the treasury chamber in Kiev. Sergei Petrovich himself was a professor of medicine, dean of the medical faculty of the Kiev Imperial University of St. Vladimir. Under the influence of Sergei Petrovich, Leskov became interested in ancient Russian painting, becoming one of the largest experts in this area in Russia.
- It can be assumed that a famous writer must have a good education. But it is not always the case. M. Yu Lermontov left the university without studying for two years. LN Tolstoy did not graduate from the university, after the first year of the Faculty of Oriental Literature, he was not transferred to the second for poor progress. Tolstoy moved to the Faculty of Law, but he also dropped out after two years. And Nikolai Semenovich Leskov was able to finish only two classes (in five years!) Of the Oryol gymnasium. The talented boy was repelled by cramming and routine. Later, as a volunteer, Leskov studied Polish at Kiev University.
- Leskov himself never denied his belonging to the clergy, despite the received nobility. He emphasized that the clergy had a great influence on all of his work. In addition, the writer was interested in the history of the church schism and the way of life of the Old Believers.
Leskov began to engage in literary activity rather late. At the end of the fifties, he published his first notes in St. Petersburg Gazette, and then in Modern Medicine. These were materials exposing corruption. As a result, Leskov began to have problems, and he even had to leave the service and take up literature. Soon his works appeared in the popular magazines Otechestvennye zapiski, Severnaya Beelea and Russkaya Rech.
- Nikolai Semyonovich called his first serious work "Essays on the distilling industry (Penza province)", which were published in "Otechestvennye zapiski" (Otechestvennye zapiski). Leskov accused the state of the people's addiction to alcohol, I think that this is a good way to replenish the treasury, but it has a detrimental effect on the population itself.
Most aspiring writers publish their first works under pseudonyms. Leskov was no exception: from 1862 to 1869. he signed "M. Steblitsky". In total, the researchers of Leskov's work counted several dozen of the writer's pseudonyms. Among them there are such original ones as "Someone", "Traveler", "Lover of Antiquity", "Lover of Watches", "Member of the Society".
- Nikolai Semenovich Leskov was a vegetarian. Moreover, he explained this not by concern for health, but by a feeling of compassion for the killed animals. Supporters of this trend were called compassionate. It was Leskov who came up with the idea - to publish in Russia a book on vegetarianism with detailed recipes for lean dishes. This proposal caused a flurry of ironic publications in the press. But, in 1894, such a book was released. It was quite popular, given the fact that believers, even non-vegetarians, did not eat meat for about 200 days a year.
- "Lefty" is undoubtedly one of the author's brightest works. The tale of a Tula master who shod a flea was first published in 1881 in the magazine Rus. They say that Lefty had a prototype - Alexei Mikhailovich Surnin, who was sent to study in England, and, having returned home, was actively introducing new technologies at Tula factories. However, many critics reproached Leskov for simply rewriting the old legend of the Tula gunsmiths.
- Leskov's personal life cannot be called happy. He entered his first marriage in 1854, having married Olga Vasilievna Smirnova. But, the woman suffered from a mental disorder and was admitted to the hospital of St. Nicholas in St. Petersburg. In 1865, the writer married, in a civil marriage, to Ekaterina Bubunova. A year later, they had a son, Alexei. Tatiana Leskova, the granddaughter of Alexei and the great-granddaughter of the writer, made a great contribution to the development of ballet in faraway Brazil. At the beginning of the 21st century, she visited the city of Oryol, the homeland of her famous ancestor, and donated some of the writer's personal belongings to the museum.
- Nikolai Semenovich Leskov was fond of collecting. In his collections one could find rare paintings, books and watches. Some unique exhibits from his collection can still be seen in the House-Museum of N. S. Leskov in the city of Orel.
- In his youth, Leskov felt sympathy for the ideas of social democracy, but in his mature years he became conservative, believing that revolutionary measures of struggle were unacceptable for Russia. This is probably why neither the revolutionaries nor the conservatives considered Leskov their own. But Lev Nikolaevich Tolstoy called him "the most Russian writer"
- The last years of his life Nikolai Semenovich suffered from asthma attacks. She became the cause of death on March 5, 1895 in St. Petersburg. In the same city, Leskov was buried at the Volkov cemetery on a site called Literatorskie mostki. In addition to Leskov, many figures of Russian culture are buried there - I. S. Turgenev, M. E. Saltykov - Shchedrin, A. I. Kuprin and others.