Today's women's wardrobe is replete with clothes, while men's is scarce as ever. And you know that this was not always the case - women “borrowed” many things from men and never returned them back.
Women stole these clothes from men in the 17th century, and, apparently, forever. But there were times when a sundress, related in shape and name to the Persian clothing serapa, was described as follows: "Long men's sleeveless caftan." This is how Ivan the Terrible dressed, for example: "And the sovereign was wearing a dress - an expensive sundress, bright in bloom with cherry embroidery." Or earlier, in 1377, during the inglorious battle on the Pyana River: "The Tartars made a stir, but the princes fled in only sundresses."
"And under the toe, an Easter egg will roll, and under a red heel, a bird will fly by." What is it about? About modern women's ultra-fashionable stiletto boots? No, this is about the shoes of "the swashbuckling free Cossack Stenka Razin." For a long time women simply did not rely on a heel; it was viewed as an attempt to rise “in the face of their master”. It was only later, when morals deteriorated, the rider's shoes, designed for a powerful stirrup, were villainously stolen by the beauties.
For an attempt to put on a leather belt with gems, gold chains and plaques, the current fashionista, if she got into Ancient Russia, would pay dearly. For women - only belts, woven of wool or linen. For men - leather sashes and belts with buckles. If a man was a warrior of a high rank, then a belt made of tur leather with a corresponding set of bronze or silver plaques and onlays was a sign of his dignity.
A typical symbol of the battle for trousers, completely lost by men, which has been fought almost since the 13th century. In any case, the German proverb: "Whoever has trousers has power" - was born just then. And here you are, in 1980, a "blow of mercy" was inflicted both on the pants and on the authorities. Exceptionally military cavalry skinny trousers made of elk or deer skin, once emphasizing those men's stats that are below the waist, have turned into synthetic women's trousers.
And this is a big hello from the Greek and Roman horsemen, who rode without stirrups and, in order not to fly out of the saddle in disgrace, grew thick and beautiful calf muscles, without which you cannot stay on horseback. To emphasize their male status (and tight-fitting stockings are the best way for this), gentlemen wore thin stockings until the end of the 18th century. For women, they were unnecessary, since their clothes were up to the toes and they still would not have been able to flaunt elegant stockings. Is that during love entertainment.
In good times, when d'Artagnan was turning his story with pendants, men had lace everywhere - on the collar, cuffs and even on the cuffs of riding boots. Both women and men wore them, but the latter still had an advantage. At least according to the Old Testament book “Exodus”, which mentions the clothes of Moses' elder brother Aaron: “Gold, blue, purple and scarlet wool and linen, twisted and lace”.
In very gray antiquity, wigs were worn only by men, and not anyhow, but exclusively by the leaders and their entourage. Actually, the tall wig was something like the current general's cap. He visually enlarged his head and made it look like a lion, the king of animals, making it clear that it is better not to mess with this man. But already in Roman times, women began to wear them. And with a very unseemly goal. For example, Messalina, the third wife of the Emperor Claudius, thus disguised herself, going to a brothel.
At first, bracelets were considered not adornments, but ritual and mystical objects. They were worn by shamans as amulets that bring good luck, scare away evil spirits, etc. In addition, in some cultures, bracelets performed the function of a very real defense. Warriors wore metal or leather bracelets on their hands so that they function as a kalchuk, at the same time with such a bracelet it was possible to hit the enemy, using it as a brass knuckle. In ancient Russia, they were called arms or sleeves and they formed part of a warrior's combat vestments.
In the ancient world, the custom of whitening the face spoke primarily of caste or social affiliation. The tendency to emphasize the whiteness of the skin (in order to differ from the tanned common people) persisted right up to the 17th-18th centuries. At the court of King Louis 15 - powder in the rank of an obligatory cosmetic product was erected by the favorite of the king, the Marquis de Pompadour. In Russia, the fashion to powder with rice flour was brought by Peter 1, along with the fashion for wigs. For several centuries, both men and women actively used powder. So, powder has become a "purely feminine" attribute relatively recently, from the middle of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries.
“The Prophet had a box for antimony, and every time he turned his eyes down - first three times with his right, then three times with his left, ” - this is how his cousin Abdallah ibn Abbas wrote about Muhammad. Other men who lived in the Arabian Peninsula did much the same - eyeshadow helped travelers cope with the rays of the sun reflected from the sand.